Celebrating Cerebral Palsy Awareness Month: The Types of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy refers to patients with difficulty controlling movement in legs, the arms, and hands. The child may have difficulties sitting walking, maintaining posture, and talking. 

Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common type of Cerebral palsy. Spasticity means the tone of muscles contract, making limbs to relaxing or flexing. Reflexes might be exaggerated, and movements tend to be jerky. The arms and legs are most frequently affected. The tongue, mouth, and pharynx can also be affected, impairing speech, eating, breathing, and/or swallowing. Spastic Cerebral Palsy will increase as the child grows. All four limbs are included, including face and the trunk. Spastic quadriplegia patients usually have difficulty walking and often developmental disabilities such as mental retardation, seizures, or visual/hearing/speech problems. 

in CP patients, their legs have a tendency to turn inward to pull together, and cross at the knees. Spasticity on one side of the human body is affected. Spasticity often occurs inthe arm more. Furthermore, the side that’s affected might not develop properly.

 Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy is the 2nd most common type of cerebral palsy. Patients with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy have muscle tone changes from weak or tight causing arbitrary and uncontrolled body movements.

Dystonia/Dystonic cerebral palsy refers to patients where the trunk muscles are more affected than the limbs, resulting in a fixed, twisted posture. Intelligence will be normal, but muscle issues will impact the body. 

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy influences balance, posture and coordinated movements. Control of fine motor skills, eye movements and depth perception can be impaired. The child will find it difficult to tie his/her shoelaces, button up shirts, write, etc.

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