Causes and Effects of Water Scarcity and Droughts

Water is probably the most important natural resource. It can make up around 74 percent of the Earth. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that water provides the life of almost all animals living in the world. Nevertheless, this lifeline is under acute manipulation of water contamination by the people of the earth.

This ecological pollution is among the three major types of pollution, soil contamination, air pollution, and water contamination. Estimates show that this kind of contamination claims most lives in disease-related death. Approximately fourteen million people are affected daily by ailments caused by water contamination.

Population-dense nations, like India and China, are mostly faced with a lack of pure drinking water. The problem is not unique to developing nations. Developed countries are also facing this difficulty to a great extent. The two main types of water contamination categories include surface water and groundwater. The differentiation between the two is the contamination destination. However, both are equally harmful
The differentiation between the locations is that, one water source is above ground level and is readily detectable. While groundwater is on the ground and difficult to manage.

If a water system has impurities in the type of anthropogenic contaminants and it is not acceptable for drinking then it is called contaminated. There are various factors that contribute to water pollution. These include, human interventions and natural factors.

Natural factors that influence water quality include storms, volcanoes, earthquakes, and algae blooms. Human factors under the title of waste disposal include, dumping of toxic waste in water bodies, polluting territory through pesticides that travel to water bodies, and recurrence of waste in these bodies of water. Also contributing to the problem is a wide range of chemicals that are waste products produced by factories.

There is a natural mixture of minerals from water bodies that contributes to the wealth of water. These minerals contain iron, calcium, manganese, and sodium. Nevertheless, any changes in these minerals that may occur due to human intervention results in an imbalance in controlled minerals. Larger or lower concentrations of these minerals may endanger aquatic life. In addition, man has a propensity to change the proportion of oxygen dissolved in water by throwing various types of waste into it, such as plastic bags. Other substances that affect this relationship come from plants, such as grass and leaves. Wastes outside the water can disturb the passage of light in water bodies. This disruption could result in the clogging of gills of fish and disturbances in plant growth patterns.

Many substances that are introduced into water bodies by humans are toxic. These toxins may cause waterborne diseases. Furthermore, these impurities can change the pH of impure water

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